Pluto (Πλούτων, Ploutōn) was a name for the ruler of the underworld; the god was also known as Hades, a name for the underworld itself. So basically Pluto was a Latinization of one of Hades's Greek nicknames. Persephone), and her mother Ceres (Gr. Pluto and Jupiter and Neptune were three very powerful gods. Like the Greeks, the Romans used this epithet to avoid referencing death directly. This nickname became increasingly popular in Greece thanks to the Eleusinian Mysteries, initiation rites into the cult of the goddess Demeter, mistress of the harvest. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. The name “Pluto,” rendered as Plūtō in the Latin, was derived from the Greek name Plouton, meaning “the wealthy one.” This name was an aspect of the deity Hades, one that highlighted his control over subterranean sources of mineral wealth. In Latin, the words … ." Plut. 90; Schol. The planet Pluto was discovered in 1930, and recently re-classified by astronomers of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) as a dwarf planet known formally as 134340 Pluto. Pluto (Greek: Πλούτων, Ploutōn) was the ruler of the underworld in classical mythology. Aeolus - (a.k.a. Astrological Sign. Venetia was awarded five pounds for providing the name. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. They were also brothers. A euphemistic name for Hades, the Romans borrowed the title from the Greeks. ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Pluto After defeating the Titans, the three established their rule in the universe. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Encyclopedia.com. Hades's Roman name was Pluto. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pluto, ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Pluto When the Roman Empire conquered the Greeks in 146BC many of the Greek gods and goddesses were adopted by the Romans. The Greek God Hades, Lord of the Underworld, Veles (Volos), Slavic God of Cattle and the Underworld, Osiris: Lord of the Underworld in Egyptian Mythology, Journey Through the Solar System: Dwarf Planet Pluto, Greek Goddess Demeter and the Abduction of Persephone, Goddesses and Sexual Assault in Greek Myth, Drawings of the Greco-Roman Gods and Goddesses, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. Plut. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. (December 21, 2020). Zeus is said to have blinded him, in order that he might not bestow his favours on righteous men exclusively, but that he might distribute his gifts blindly and without any regard to merit (Aristoph. So basically Pluto was a Latinization of one of Hades's Greek nicknames. N.S. Something shady is going on. He is the brother of Zeus, the King of the Gods, and Poseidon, the ruler of the oceans. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dis. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. x. Encyclopedia.com. The name Plouton is first used in Greek literature by Athenian playwrights. ." v. 125). ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Dis The name Pluto is more common in Roman mythology, so it is sometimes said that Pluto is the Roman version of the Greek god Hades. . Hades (/ ˈ h eɪ d iː z /; Greek: ᾍδης Hádēs; Ἅιδης Háidēs), in the ancient Greek religion and myth, is the god of the dead and the king of the underworld, with which his name became synonymous. So, as Plato has Socrates recount in his Cratylus, "People in general appear to imagine that the term Hades is connected with the invisible (aeides) and so they are led by their fears to call the God Pluto instead.". 19). However, the date of retrieval is often important. Encyclopedia.com. Hades was the Greek god of the underworld. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Pluto The name “Pluto” was published on May 1, 1930. Originally he was honored as the God of Metals; however, in time, since metals were mined, he took on the attributes of the God of the Underworld. Under the name Pluto, the god appears in other myths in a secondary role, mostly as the possessor of a quest-object, and especially in the descent of Orpheus or other heroes to the underworld. ." ." This may have a Greek attempt to translate the Lydian name Manes who, according to Herodotus, was the first King of Lydian myth. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. The alternative Greek name or epithet of Hades in his function as the god of wealth (precious metals and gems, coming from beneath the earth, form part of his realm). Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. In the mysteries, Hades/Pluto becomes a personification of his mother-in-law's bounty, a benevolent deity and protector and a possessor of great wealth, rather than an evil uncle/abductor. . Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Pluto was a god of riches, which is etymologically connected with his name. It is much smaller than any of the official planets and now classified as a "dwarf planet". Of the most famous is that of Orpheus, who wanted to bring his beloved Eurydice to life, accepting the condition put by Hades to not turn to see her on the way back. This made it possible to refer to a god Pluto ruling a land of the dead called Hades, named for its Greek overlord. The eldest son of Kronos and Rhea, together with his brothers, Zeus and Poseidon, Hades defeated their father’s generation of gods. in Cer. . She was interested in ancient mythology, and thought that Hades, the Greek god of the underworld, made a good name. ad Theocrit. ." ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Dis The Greek mythology names of the gods and goddesses varied from the Roman names, although each culture ascribed to deities with comparable powers and spheres of influence. The planet received it's name because of it's distance from the Sun and because it is in perpetual darkness. After all, if you had to pray to a god of the underworld, would you really want to invoke death over and over again? Pluto is an alternative name for the Greek god Hades, but was more often used in Roman mythology in their presentation of the god of the underworld. . Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. It comes from the Greek Plouton, “Bringer of Wealth,” an alternative name for Hades. The name Pluto has been used by several languages to refer to mythological god of the underworld. Pluto (n.) Roman god of the underworld, early 14c., from Latin Pluto, Pluton, from Greek Ploutōn "god of wealth," from ploutos "wealth, riches," probably originally "overflowing," from PIE root *pleu-"to flow." His son Atyllos was probaby the counterpart of the Greek Atlas or Tantalos. PLUTUS (Ploutos), sometimes also called Pluton (Aristoph. Pluto is the Roman name for Hades, the Greek god of the Underworld. . . Pluto is often considered King of the Underworld in Roman mythology. In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pluto represents a more positive concept of the god who presides over the afterlife. Hades was a son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, and brother of the deities Zeus, Poseidon, Demeter, Hera, and Hestia. Roman God: Pluto Greek Name: Hades. (If you would like to suggest one or more categories for the name, click here). The earlier name for the god was Hades, which became more common as the name of the underworld itself. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Pluto was the son of Cronos and Rhea. Here are some facts about Pluto (sometimes called Hades), the Ancient Greek God of the Underworld. Pluto is the conventional Roman name and you might use it for a trivia … Sometimes the underworld was also called Hades, which can be confusing. He abducted Proserpina (Gr. Greek for unintelligible language or gibberish is recorded from the late 16th century, as in Shakesp…. Though it may seem like Pluto received an inferior inheritance than that of his younger brothers, the … The name Pluto is more common in Roman mythology, so it is sometimes said that Pluto is the Roman version of the Greek god Hades. In Aristophanes' comedy The Frogs (Batrachoi, 405 BC), in which "the Eleusinian colouring is in fact so pervasive," the ruler of the underworld is one of the characters, under the name of Plouton. In Roman mythology his name is Pluto. Pluto is the god of the underworld in Roman mythology.Pluto was also the god of wealth because diamonds and other jewels come from underground.. A myth about Pluto is that he took Proserpina, who was the daughter of Ceres, to the underworld to be his wife. In Greek himantes were strips of toughened ox-hide wrapped around the hands and wrists of a boxer. Pluto's Roman equivalent is Dis Pater. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. ." The play depicts a mock descent to the underworld by the god Dionysus to bring back one of the dead tragic playwrights in the hope of restoring Athenian theater to its former glory. Pluto, Roman god; Hades, Greek god Pluto, Roman god of wealth, ruled the dark underworld of myth (ninth planet from the sun). He is the Roman version of Hades, the Greek god of the dead. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. 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