This caused an alliance between Ivaylo and the dowager Bulgarian empress Maria Kantakouzene: she married Ivaylo, who was recognized as Bulgarian emperor in 1278, without deposing or disinheriting the young Michael Asen II, her son by the late Constantine Tikh, whom Ivaylo killed at the beginning of the revolt. Prokopia married Michael Rhangabe during the late 8th century. Based on Wikipedia content that has been reviewed, edited, and republished. Her family background is not known. Theodora (/ ˌ θ iː ə ˈ d ɔːr ə /; Greek: Θεοδώρα; c. 500 – 28 June 548) was an Eastern Roman empress by marriage to emperor Justinian.She became empress upon Justinian's accession in 527 and was one of his chief advisers, albeit from humble origins. Irene Palaiologina (Greek: Ειρήνη Παλαιολογίνα, Bulgarian: Ирина Палеологина) was the eldest[citation needed] daughter of Byzantine emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos and empress Theodora Palaiologina, and empress consort of Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria. Irene’s unprecedented position as an empress ruling in her own right was emphasized by the coincidental rise of the Carolingian Empire in western Europe, which rivaled Irene’s Byzantium in size and power. Ivaylo reappeared before the walls of the capital and defeated two Byzantine attempts to relieve Ivan Asen III. Depiction of Byzantine Empress Irene, the wife of Emperor John II (r. 1118-1143 CE) as found in the Hagia Sophia in modern-day Istanbul (previously Constantinople), Turkey. In 797, the Eastern Emperor Constantine VI was deposed and replaced as monarch by his mother, Irene. After Staurakios's death, Aetios became the leading man in the state. The paternal uncles of Irene included Michael IX Palaiologos and Theodore I, Marquess of Montferrat. Δούκαινα, Eirēnē Doukaina; c. 1066 – 19 February 1138) was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos, and the mother of the emperor John II Komnenos and of the historian Anna Komnene. Married John Laskaris Kalopheros, a man of senatorial rank from the, This page was last edited on 8 August 2020, at 17:44. Perhaps she was taking cues from Marcy from Peanuts, who called Peppermint Patty "Sir Irene Palaiologina(died after 1356), was the Empress consort of Matthew Kantakouzenos. Michael VIII then sent several Byzantine armies in an attempt to install Ivan Asen III on the throne. In 802, reigning Empress Irene was deposed by an alliance of patricians and eunuchs.Their leader was Nikephoros, father of Prokopia, who at the time held the position of finance minister (logothetēs tou genikou). After Irene's rise to sole rule, Aetios developed an intense rivalry with her eunuch chief minister Staurakios. The plot was uncovered and Irene was placed under house arrest. Irene was also known for her generous financial policies, which were especially friendly to monasteries. Byzantine authors say that the tsar and the tsarina did not feel comfortable living in the palace where they had been surrounded by еnemies. Δούκαινα, Eirēnē Doukaina) (c. 1066 – February 19, 1123 or 1133) was the wife of the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos, and the mother of the emperor John II Komnenos and of the historian Anna Komnene. On 26 October 1341, her father-in-law John VI was crowned emperor at Didymoteicho. On 4 December 1354, John VI abdicated and he and Asanina retired to separate monasteries while John V secured control of Constantinople. Δούκαινα, Eirēnē Doukaina; c. 1066 – 19 February 1138) was the wife of the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos, and the mother of the emperor John II Komnenos and of the historian Anna Komnene. Marriage. John VI was accepted as senior emperor with John V as his junior co-ruler. After her death, she became a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church.. Michael Asen, titular emperor of Bulgaria. Irene Palaiologina (died after 1356), was the Empress consort of Matthew Kantakouzenos. She was later venerated as Saint Irene. Erich Lamberz has proved that this "session" is a late ninth-century forgery (see Price, The Acts of the Second Council of Nicaea, 655-6). Irene was brought to Constantinople by Emperor Constantine V on 1 November 768 and was married to his son Leo IVon 17 December. By her marriage with Ivan Asen, Irene Palaiologina had several children: They became the progenitors of the large and influential Asen/Asanes family Asen in the Byzantine Empire, which prospered in various court and provincial offices until the end of the empire and its dependencies in the mid-15th century. One was with his five younger half-brothers, who challenged him for the throne. Charlemagne-Wikipedia. Aetios or Aetius (Greek Ἀέτιος) was a Byzantine eunuch official and one of the most trusted advisers of Byzantine empress Irene of Athens (r. 797–802). Empress Irene stands on the left side of the Virgin, wearing ceremonial garments, offering a document. Yolande of Montferrat (c. 1274 – 1317 in Constantinople) (also known as Violante, then Empress Irene) was the second wife of Andronikos II Palaiologos and thus empress of the Byzantine Empire. Especially unusual is that, while Constantine V was a militant iconoclast who was known for persecuting venerators of icons, Irene herself displayed iconophile predilections. However, civil war broke out almost immediately as Artabasdos, brother-in-law of Constantine, claimed the throne for himself. Irene Yolande of Montferrat Eirene of Montferrat Yolanda (renamed Irene) of Montferrat Yolanda/Violante Yolande Yolande of Montferrat (c. 1274 – 1317 in Constantinople) (also known as Violante, then Empress Irene) was the second wife of Andronikos II Palaiologos and thus empress of the Byzantine Empire. It is unclear why she was selected as the bride for the young Leo IV. Irene Palaiologina, was the Empress consort of Matthew Kantakouzenos. In the interval a Byzantine force besieged the Bulgarian capital, Tarnovo, and, hearing a rumor of Ivaylo's death in battle, the local nobility surrendered and accepted Ivan Asen III as emperor in 1279 and Irene became the new empress consort of Bulgaria. The so-called "Eighth Session" (October 23, 787) held in Constantinople at the Magnaura Palace supposedly in the presence of the emperors Constantine IV and Irene. It is believed that she was born of a Greek noble family. She is venerated as a saint. Powerful Facts About Empress Irene, The Byzantine Rebel Mehroo S. Beauty, brains, and an iron will: Irene of Athens used all of these to stay in power in the cut-throat world of the Byzantine Empire. The History of John VI Kantakouzenos records the marriage of Irene to Matthew Kantakouzenos in 1340. Fearing the rapid success of Ivaylo's revolt in Bulgaria, Michael VIII summoned Ivan Asen, a descendant of Bulgaria's ruling dynasty living at the Byzantine Empire (he was the son of Mitso Asen, who reigned in 1256–57), granted him the title of despotes, and married him to Irene in 1277 or 1278. Empress Irene (image from “Pala d’Oro”, Venice) Not much is known about Irene’s early life. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Irene_Palaiologina_(Byzantine_empress)&oldid=971858254, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Theodora Kantakouzene. Her maternal aunts included Simonida. Although the ex-tsaritsa Maria Kantakouzene and her son were sent to exile in Byzantium, Ivan Asen III and Irene failed to assert themselves throughout the country. English: Empress Irene, born Princess Piroska of Hungary (*1088 – †13 August, 1134), was a daughter of King Ladislaus I of Hungary and Princess Adelaide of Swabia.She was married to Byzantine Emperor John II Comnenus.She and Emperor John had eight children. His rival John V Palaiologos reigned from Constantinople. Born in Athens of a Greek noble family, between the years of 750 and 755, little is known regarding Irene Sarantapechaina's life before ascending to the Byzantine throne. The Second Council of Nicaea reintroduced the veneration of icons under Empress Irene. On 15 April 1353, Matthew was declared co-emperor and the conflict between John V and John VI restarted over what was seen as an attempt of John VI to secure his succession. She gave birth to a son, Constantine, on January 14, 771. Although Ivaylo defeated several of Michael VIII's attempts to depose him, he was blockaded for three months in Drăstăr (Silistra) by the Mongol allies of Michael VIII. Matthew was forced to abdicate and Irene ceased being considered an Empress. Leo, however, was a steadfast iconoclastwho, according to tradition, found that Irene possessed icons and thereafter would no longer … She was the heir of the Margraviate of Montferrat. Empress Irene of Athens was the first female ruler of the Byzantine Empire. Matthew was able to keep his title and part of Thrace as his own dominion. Irene then reigned alone as emperor (not empress) for five years. Nov 9, 2014 - Captain Janeway was referred to as "Sir," despite clearly not being a man. Reaching Mesembria (Nesebar), the imperial couple sailed for Constantinople, where the enraged Michael VIII refused to receive them for days for their cowardice. Constantine V died in 775, and Leo IV, known as the Khazar for his maternal heritage, became the emperor, and Irene the empress consort. 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